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June 13 Saint Anthony Of Padua

Irapuato
9
breski1 Franciscan Thaumaturgist, born at Lisbon, 1195; died at Vercelli [actually Arcella --Ed.], 13 June, 1231. He received in baptism the name of Ferdinand. Later writers of the fifteenth …More
breski1
Franciscan Thaumaturgist, born at Lisbon, 1195; died at Vercelli [actually Arcella --Ed.], 13 June, 1231. He received in baptism the name of Ferdinand.
Later writers of the fifteenth century asserted that his father was Martin Bouillon, descendant of the renowned Godfrey de Bouillon, commander of the First Crusade, and his mother, Theresa Tavejra, descendant of Froila I, fourth king of Asturia. Unfortunately, however, his genealogy is uncertain; all that we know of his parents is that they were noble, powerful, and God-fearing people, and at the time of Ferdinand's birth were both still young, and living near the Cathedral of Lisbon.
Having been educated in the Cathedral school, Ferdinand, at the age of fifteen, joined the Canons Regular of St. Augustine, in the convent of St. Vincent, just outside the city walls (1210). Two years later to avoid being distracted by relatives and friends, who frequently came to visit him, he betook himself with permission of his superior to the Convent of Santa Croce in Cóimbra (1212), where he remained for eight years, occupying his time mainly with study and prayer. Gifted with an excellent understanding and a prodigious memory, he soon gathered from the Sacred Scriptures and the writings of the Holy Fathers a treasure of theological knowledge.
In the year 1220, having seen conveyed into the Church of Santa Croce the bodies of the first Franciscan martyrs, who had suffered death at Morocco, 16 January of the same year, he too was inflamed with the desire of martyrdom, and resolved to become a Friar Minor, that he might preach the Faith to the Saracens and suffer for Christ's sake. Having confided his intention to some of the brethren of the convent of Olivares (near Cóimbra), who came to beg alms at the Abbey of the Canons Regular, he received from their hands the Franciscan habit in the same Convent of Santa Croce. Thus Ferdinand left the Canons Regular of St. Augustine to join the Order of Friars Minor, taking at the same time the new name of Anthony, a name which later on the Convent of Olivares also adopted.
A short time after his entry into the order, Anthony started for Morocco, but, stricken down by a severe illness, which affected him the entire winter, he was compelled to sail for Portugal the following spring, 1221. His ship, however, was overtaken by a violent storm and driven upon the coast of Sicily, where Anthony then remained for some time, till he had regained his health. Having heard meanwhile from the brethren of Messina that a general chapter was to be held at Assisi, 30 May, he journeyed thither, arriving in time to take part in it. The chapter over, Anthony remained entirely unnoticed.
"He said not a word of his studies", writes his earliest biographer, "nor of the services he had performed; his only desire was to follow Jesus Christ and Him crucified". Accordingly, he applied to Father Graziano, Provincial of Cóimbra, for a place where he could live in solitude and penance, and enter more fully into the spirit and discipline of Franciscan life. Father Graziano, being just at that time in need of a priest for the hermitage of Montepaolo (near Forli), sent him thither, that he might celebrate Mass for the lay-brethren.
While Anthony lived retired at Montepaolo it happened, one day, that a number of Franciscan and Dominican friars were sent together to Forli for ordination. Anthony was also present, but simply as companion of the Provincial. When the time for ordination had arrived, it was found that no one had been appointed to preach. The superior turned first to the Dominicans, and asked that one of their number should address a few words to the assembled brethren; but everyone declined, saying he was not prepared. In their emergency they then chose Anthony, whom they thought only able to read the Missal and Breviary, and commanded him to speak whatever the spirit of God might put into his mouth. Anthony, compelled by obedience, spoke at first slowly and timidly, but soon enkindled with fervour, he began to explain the most hidden sense of Holy Scripture with such profound erudition and sublime doctrine that all were struck with astonishment. With that moment began Anthony's public career.
St. Francis, informed of his learning, directed him by the following letter to teach theology to the brethren:
To Brother Anthony, my bishop (i.e. teacher of sacred sciences), Brother Francis sends his greetings. It is my pleasure that thou teach theology to the brethren, provided, however, that as the Rule prescribes, the spirit of prayer and devotion may not be extinguished. Farewell. (1224)
Before undertaking the instruction, Anthony went for some time to Vercelli, to confer with the famous Abbot, Thomas Gallo; thence he taught successively in Bologna and Montpellier in 1224, and later at Toulouse. Nothing whatever is left of his instruction; the primitive documents, as well as the legendary ones, maintain complete silence on this point. Nevertheless, by …
Ursula Wegmann
Ein altes Gebet zum hl. Antonius von Padua:

Heiliger Antonius, hochgepriesen !
Große Ehr’ hat Dir erwiesen
Jesus, den man als ein Kind
stets an Deiner Seite find’t.

Jesus trägst Du auf den Armen,
der sich unser woll’ erbarmen!
Die schneeweiße Lilienglut
kündet Deiner Keuschheit Gut.

Deiner Fürbitt’ große Macht
Satan selbst von dannen jagt.
Auf Dein Fleh’n hat Gott das Leben
vielen Toten neu …
More
Ein altes Gebet zum hl. Antonius von Padua:

Heiliger Antonius, hochgepriesen !
Große Ehr’ hat Dir erwiesen
Jesus, den man als ein Kind
stets an Deiner Seite find’t.

Jesus trägst Du auf den Armen,
der sich unser woll’ erbarmen!
Die schneeweiße Lilienglut
kündet Deiner Keuschheit Gut.

Deiner Fürbitt’ große Macht
Satan selbst von dannen jagt.
Auf Dein Fleh’n hat Gott das Leben
vielen Toten neu gegeben;
Die schon Grabesnacht bedeckt,
wurden wieder auferweckt.

Schwer verirrte arme Seelen,
solche, die im Glauben fehlen,
hast Du wunderbar bekehrt
und den rechten Weg gelehrt.

Komm zu Hilf auch uns, den Deinen,
wenn wir in der Trübsal weinen !
Steh uns bei im letzten Streit!
Führe uns zur Seligkeit !
Amen

13. Juni ist der Festtag des hl. Nothelfers Antonius von Padua OFM
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Irapuato
Write your prayer intentions. Your intentions will be entrusted to the community of friars at Saint Anthony's Basilica.
The friars will take your intentions to Saint Anthony's tomb and pray for you and with you that God may grant you the assistance you need through the intercession of Saint Anthony.
If you wish, you can ask the devotees of Saint Anthony to pray for you and with you, by publis…More
Write your prayer intentions. Your intentions will be entrusted to the community of friars at Saint Anthony's Basilica.
The friars will take your intentions to Saint Anthony's tomb and pray for you and with you that God may grant you the assistance you need through the intercession of Saint Anthony.
If you wish, you can ask the devotees of Saint Anthony to pray for you and with you, by publishing your intention.
Write your intention here:
www.carosantantonio.it/ing/prega_santantonio.asp
Irapuato
Friday of the Tenth week in Ordinary Time
1st book of Kings 19:9.11-16.

At the mountain of God, Horeb, Elijah came to a cave, where he took shelter. But the word of the LORD came to him, "Why are you here, Elijah?"
Then the LORD said, "Go outside and stand on the mountain before the LORD; the LORD will be passing by." A strong and heavy wind was rending the mountains and crushing rocks before …More
Friday of the Tenth week in Ordinary Time
1st book of Kings 19:9.11-16.

At the mountain of God, Horeb, Elijah came to a cave, where he took shelter. But the word of the LORD came to him, "Why are you here, Elijah?"
Then the LORD said, "Go outside and stand on the mountain before the LORD; the LORD will be passing by." A strong and heavy wind was rending the mountains and crushing rocks before the LORD--but the LORD was not in the wind. After the wind there was an earthquake--but the LORD was not in the earthquake.
After the earthquake there was fire--but the LORD was not in the fire. After the fire there was a tiny whispering sound.
When he heard this, Elijah hid his face in his cloak and went and stood at the entrance of the cave. A voice said to him, "Elijah, why are you here?"
He replied, "I have been most zealous for the LORD, the God of hosts. But the Israelites have forsaken your covenant, torn down your altars, and put your prophets to the sword. I alone am left, and they seek to take my life."
"Go, take the road back to the desert near Damascus," the LORD said to him. "When you arrive, you shall anoint Hazael as king of Aram.
Then you shall anoint Jehu, son of Nimshi, as king of Israel, and Elisha, son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah, as prophet to succeed you.

Psalms 27(26):7-8a.8b-9abc.13-14.
Hear, O LORD, the sound of my call;
Have pity on me, and answer me.
Of you my heart speaks; you my glance seeks.

Your presence, O LORD, I seek.
Hide not your face from me;
do not in anger repel your servant.
You are my helper: cast me not off.

I believe that I shall see the bounty of the LORD
in the land of the living.
Wait for the LORD with courage;
be stouthearted, and wait for the LORD.

Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint Matthew 5:27-32.
Jesus said to his disciples: "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.'
But I say to you, everyone who looks at a woman with lust has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
If your right eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one of your members than to have your whole body thrown into Gehenna.
And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one of your members than to have your whole body go into Gehenna.
It was also said, 'Whoever divorces his wife must give her a bill of divorce.'
But I say to you, whoever divorces his wife (unless the marriage is unlawful) causes her to commit adultery, and whoever marries a divorced woman commits adultery."

Commentary of the day : Paul VI
«God created man in his image..., man and woman he created them » (Gn 1,27)

dailygospel.org/main.php
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Irapuato
13. Juni Der Heilige Antonius von Padua
italienischer Name: Antonio di Padova
portugiesischer Name: António de Lisboa
Taufname: Fernando Martim de Bulhões e Taveira Azevedo
Gedenktag katholisch: 13. Juni
gebotener Gedenktag
Hochfest bei den Rogationisten
Fest in Portugal, im Orden der Franziskaner-Observanten und im Kapuzinerorden
Gedenktag III. Klasse Im alten Messbuch entspricht die III. …More
13. Juni Der Heilige Antonius von Padua
italienischer Name: Antonio di Padova
portugiesischer Name: António de Lisboa
Taufname: Fernando Martim de Bulhões e Taveira Azevedo
Gedenktag katholisch: 13. Juni
gebotener Gedenktag
Hochfest bei den Rogationisten
Fest in Portugal, im Orden der Franziskaner-Observanten und im Kapuzinerorden
Gedenktag III. Klasse Im alten Messbuch entspricht die III. Klasse einem gebotenen Gedenktag. Grundsätzlich werden offiziell alle Klassen als „Feste” bezeichnet, da der Rang ja nicht durch das Wort „Fest”, sondern durch die Klasse gekennzeichnet wird.
Die Feste III. Klasse sind außerhalb der geprägten Zeiten (Advent, Weihnachtsoktav, Fastenzeit, Osteroktav) immer zu feiern, wenn sie nicht von einem Fest I. oder II. Klasse verdrängt werden. Innerhalb der geprägten Zeiten können sie in der Regel nur kommemoriert, aber nicht gefeiert werden.

Übertragung der Gebeine: 15. Februar
Name bedeutet: der vorne Stehende (latein.: aus dem Geschlecht der Antonier)
Mönch, Kirchenlehrer
* um 1195 in Lissabon in Portugal
† 13. Juni 1231 in Arcella, heute Stadtteil von Padua in Italien

Filippino Lippi: Maria mit Antonius und einem Franziskanerbruder (Ausschnitt), vor 1480, Museum der Schönen Künste in Budapest
Fernando Martim wurde als Sohn einer begüterten Adelsfamilie geboren. Mit 15 Jahren wurde er Augustiner-Chorherr im Kloster São Vicente de Fora in Lissabon, studierte in Lissabon und nach zwei Jahren dann im Kloster S. Cruz in Coimbra. Er erhielt eine gründliche wissenschaftliche Bildung und wurde dann zum Priester geweiht. Erschüttert durch das Erlebnis der Bestattung der Gebeine der fünf marokkanischen Märtyrer reifte sein Entschluss, sich den Franziskanern anzuschließen; 1220 trat er in Coimbra ins Kloster Santo Antonio Olivares ein und nahm den Ordensnamen Antonius an.
1220 ging Antonius selbst nach Marokko, wurde aber durch Krankheit zur Heimkehr gezwungen, wobei ein Sturm ihn nach Sizilien verschlug. Er ging nach Assisi und nahm 1221 am Generalkapitel seines Ordens teil; dabei erlebte er die Versammlung mit 3000 Ordensbrüdern und Franziskus persönlich. Die Brüder erkannten seine Begabung als Redner; Antonius lebte dann längere Zeit in der Einsiedelei auf dem Monte Paulo bei Forlì. Gratian, der Ordensprovinzial der Romagna, beauftragte ihn 1222 bis 1224 mit dem Kampf gegen die Katharer und die Waldenser in Oberitalien, v. a. in Rimini und Mailand sowie in Südfrankreich, wo er als eindrücklicher Bußprediger wirkte. Er stand in dieser Zeit den Franziskanern in Le Puy und Limoges als Guardian vor. Seine franziskanische Armut verlieh seinen Reden Glaubwürdigkeit, seine enorme Bibelvertrautheit verschaffte ihm Bewunderung, er wirkte so überzeugend, dass man ihn den Hammer der Ketzer nannte.

Sebastiano Conca (1680 - 1764): Antonius predigt den Fischen, in der Basilika Santa Cristina in Bolsena
Die Legende berichtet von Antonius' ans Wunderbare grenzender Begabung, sich fremden Völkern bei einem Konzil in Rom nur durch den Schwung seiner Rede verständlich zu machen. Zu den bekanntesten seiner Legenden gehört die Predigt am Ufer von Rimini: die Einwohner wollten ihn nicht hören, aber die Fische versammelten sich und streckten ihre Köpfe aus dem Wasser; dieses Wunder habe fast die ganze Bevölkerung der Stadt bekehrt. Als jemand - in mancher Überlieferung ein Katharer - die Gegenwart Christi im Sakrament der EucharistieDie Eucharistie - von griechisch „ευχαριστειν, Dank sagen” - vergegenwärtigt das heilvolle Sterben Jesu Christi. Die Römisch-Katholische, die Orthodoxe und die Anglikanische Kirche nennen diese Mahlfeier im Anschluss an 1. Korintherbrief 11, 24 Eucharistie, die Evangelischen Kirchen sprechen von „Abendmahl” im Anschluss an Markusevangelium 14, 17 und 1. Korintherbrief 11, 23. bezweifelte, ließ Antonius einen Maulesel bringen, der drei Tage nichts zu Fressen bekommen hatte; das Tier fiel, ohne das gereichte Futter zu berühren, vor Antonius nieder, weil der ihm mit der Hostie entgegentrat. Papst Gregor IX. nannte ihn, als er ihm zuhörte, Schatztruhe der Heiligen Schrift.

Jan Oldrich Mayer: Statue auf der Karlsbrücke in Prag, 1707
Franziskus ernannte ihn 1224 zum Lektor der Theologie für die Minderen Brüder des Ordens an der Universität in Bologna und theologischen Leiter des Ordens. Antonius führte nun die Theologie von Augustinus in den Franziskanerorden ein. 1227 bis 1230 war Antonius wieder als Bußprediger in Oberitalien tätig, zugleich wurde er Ordensprovinzial der Romagna mit Sitz in Padua, wo er die letzten Jahre seines Lebens verbrachte. Seine Fastenpredigten in Padua 1231 hatten sensationellen Erfolg, keine Kirche war groß genug, er musste ins Freie ausweichen, die Überlieferung berichtet von bis zu 30.000 Zuhörern. Die ganze Region schien wie umgewandelt: Schulden wurden erlassen, zerstrittene Familien versöhnten sich, Diebe gaben das gestohlene Gut zurück, Dirnen kehrten ins ehrbare Leben zurück, unrechtmäßige und überhöhte Zinsen wurden den Schuldnern zurückerstattet. Ein junger Mann aus Padua, der seiner eigenen Mutter einen Fußtritt verpasst hatte, war der Überlieferung nach von Antonius' Predigt so ergriffen, dass er sich zur Buße sein Bein mit einem Beil abhackte; Antonius aber fügte es wundersamerweise wieder an. 1230 legte er, entkräftet von den anstrengenden Reisen, seine Ämter nieder, und lebte auf einem Nussbaum auf dem Landgut Camposampiero bei Padua. In seiner letzten Lebensphase wurde er von den Klarissen im Kloster Arcella in Padua gepflegt, wo er starb.
Antonius' Patronat für verlorene Sachen geht zurück auf die Überlieferung, dass ein junger Mönch den Psalter des Antonius ohne dessen Erlaubnis mitnahm. Daraufhin wurde er von Erscheinungen heimgesucht, so dass er das Buch schleunigst zurückbrachte. Das Attribut Jesuskind geht auf eine Legende zurück, nach der ein Graf - nach spätere Überlieferung sein Förderer Graf Tiso von Camposampiero - als Gastgeber des Heiligen diesen nachts aufsuchte, um sich nach seinem Befinden zu erkundigen. Aus der Kammer des Heiligen drang ein so heller Lichtschein, dass der Graf einen Brand vermutete und erschrocken die Tür aufriss. Er fand Antonius lächelnd vor, in seinen Armen das strahlende Jesuskind haltend. Der Augenzeuge durfte erst nach dem Tode des Heiligen von diesem Geschehnis berichten.

Brüder von Limburg: Antonius stillt einen Sturm. Buchmalerei Belles Heures du Duc de Berry, 1408/09, im Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
Antonius wurde zunächst in S. Maria Maggiore in Padua beigesetzt. 1263 wurden seine Gebeine in Anwesenheit von Johannes Bonaventura erhoben und in die zu seinen Ehren neu gebaute und ihm geweihte Basilika in Padua übertragen. Nach Deutschland kamen Reliquien 1330 nach München in die Franziskanerkirche und 1350 in die Kirche St. Peter nach Erfurt.
1732 sei Antonius den Türken, die 1708 die Stadt Oran in Algerien von den Spaniern erobert hatten, erschienen in der Uniform eines Admirals, woraufhin diese die Flucht vor den anrückenden Spaniern ergriffen. Oran blieb nun 60 Jahre in spanischem Besitz, Antonius ist Patron auch in Kriegsnöten.
Antonius ist wohl der im katholischen Kirchenvolk bekannteste und beliebteste Heilige, er übertraf ab dem 16. Jahrhundert seinen Ordensvater Franziskus und seinen Namenspatron Antonius in der Verehrung des Volkes. An seinem Grab ereigneten sich so viele Wunder, dass Bonaventura meinte: Suchst du Wundertaten, gehe zu Antonius! Die Antonius-Basilika in Padua ist eine der meistbesuchten Wallfahrtsstätten. Es gibt aber auch sonst kaum eine römisch-katholische Kirche auf der Welt, die nicht einen Altar, ein Gemälde, ein Fresko oder eine Statue besitzt, die ihm geweiht ist. Allein in Österreich sind Antonius mindestens 115 Kirchen und Kapellen geweiht. Verbreitet ist im deutschsprachigen Raum das Gebet im Hinblick auf Antonius' Patronat als Helfer zum Wiederfinden verlorener Sachen: Heiliger Antonius, du kreuzbraver Mann, führ mich dahin, wo (..., z. B. mein Schlüssel) sein kann!. Ab dem 16. Jahrhundert erlebten auch Antoniusbruderschaften ihre Blüte.

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo: Antonius mit dem Jesuskind (Ausschnitt), 1670, in der Gemäldegalerie in Berlin
Antonius wurde an einem Dienstag bestattet, dabei seien die ersten Wunder geschehen. Deshalb sind seit dem 17. Jahrhundert die Antonius-Dienstage beliebt, es werden Andachten abgehalten. Bitten, die an neun Dienstagen hintereinander vorgetragen werden, sollen größere Aussicht auf Erfolg haben; der Brauch geht auf die Legende zurück, nach der eine kinderlos gebliebene Adelige sich in Bologna an Antonius wandte, indem sie vor seinem Bild betete. In der folgenden Nacht erschien er ihr im Traum und sagte: Besuche an neun Dienstagen mein Bild in der Franziskanerkirche, dann findest du Erhörung. Nach den neun Dienstagen war die Frau schwanger, gebar aber schließlich ein völlig missgestaltetes Kind. Enttäuscht legte sie es auf den Antonius-Altar. Und während sie den Heiligen anflehte, verwandelte es sich in ein liebliches Baby.
Zunächst wurde Antonius als Franziskaner mit einem Buch dargestellt, das Buch soll auf seine Bibelkenntnis und sein Predigtamt hinweisen. Ab der Mitte des 14. Jahrhunderts kam eine Flamme dazu, Zeichen seiner flammenden Gottesliebe, ab Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts ein flammendes Herz; dieses ersetzte die Lilie, das Symbol der Reinheit. Seit dem 16. Jahrhundert wird Antonius mit dem Jesuskind dargestellt; der spanische Maler Murillo bevorzugte dieses Motiv, das ab dem 17. Jahrhundert auch außerhalb Italiens Verbreitung fand und seitdem das charakteristische Attribut darstellt. Manchmal steht der Jesusknabe auf einer Bibel, die von Antonius gehalten wird, als Symbol für das geschriebene und fleischgewordene Wort Gottes.

Marchas Populares in Lissabon im Jahr 2003
Am Fest des Heiligen Antonius steht besonders seine Heimatstadt Lissabon Kopf. Am Vorabend des 13. Juni gibt es die feierliche Trauung von 16 Paaren in der Kathedrale Sé, in der Antonius 1195 getauft worden sein soll. Die Stadtverwaltung richtet die Hochzeit aus, spendiert alles vom Lippenstift über den Brautstrauß bis zur Familienfeier; um in den Genuss der subventionierten Hochzeit zu kommen, müssen sich die Paare einer strengen Prüfung unterziehen. Wenig später ist dann in allen Stadtvierteln Feierstimmung angesagt. Auf der Avenida da Liberdade, dem breiten Prachtboulevard der Stadt, ertönt ab 20 Uhr Trommelwirbel und es beginnt ein Feuerwerk der Fantasie: in einem endlosen Strom ziehen Fußgruppen, Sänger, Tänzer, Fahnenschwenker, Trommler und Bläser an Tribünen vorbei mit einer Parade - als Marchas Populares bekannt -, die ein Wettstreit der Stadtteile ist, die ihre je eigene Formation stellen mit selbst entworfenen Kostümen, eigenen Tänzen, eigenen Liedern - ähnlich dem Karneval in Rio de Janeiro. Der erste Marcha Populares in Lissabon fand 1932 statt, als Juden, zugewanderte Marokkaner und Schwarzafrikaner noch eigene Stadtteile bewohnten und am Tag des Heiligen Antonius ihre kulturelle Vielfalt demonstrierten; es gibt ihn inzwischen auch in vielen anderen Städten in Portugal.

Antonius' Grab in der nach ihm benannten Basilika in Padua
Kanonisation: Bereits elf Monate nach seinem Tod sprach Gregor IX. Antonius - aufgrund des stürmischen Verlangens des Volkes, das ihn gleich nach seinem Tod als großen Wundertäter verehrte -, nach dem bis dahin und bis heute kürzesten Kanonisierungsprozess der Kirchengeschichte am 30. Mai 1232 in Spoleto heilig, nachdem zuvor schon 47 Wunder dokumentiert wurden. 1946 wurde er von Papst Pius XII. zum Kirchenlehrer ernannt, obwohl er nur einige Predigtmanuskripte hinterließ.
Attribute: mit dem Jesuskind, mit Fischen, mit Esel, Flamme in seiner Hand, Hostie, MonstranzEine Monstranz ist ein in der katholischen Kirche benütztes, meist kostbar mit Gold und Edelsteinen gestaltetes Schaustück, in dem eine geweihte Hostie gezeigt wird. Monstranzen gibt es seit dem 13. Jahrhundert, die Hostie in ihr wird verehrt und oft bei Prozessionen vorangetragen.
www.heiligenlexikon.de/BiographienA/Antonius_von_Pa…
Irapuato
Sant' Antonio di Padova Sacerdote e dottore della Chiesa
13 giugno
Fernando di Buglione nasce a Lisbona da nobile famiglia portoghese discendente dal crociato Goffredo di Buglione.
A quindici anni è novizio nel monastero di San Vincenzo a Lisbona, poi si trasferisce nel monastero di Santa Croce di Coimbra, il maggior centro culturale del Portogallo appartenente all'Ordine dei Canonici regolari …More
Sant' Antonio di Padova Sacerdote e dottore della Chiesa
13 giugno
Fernando di Buglione nasce a Lisbona da nobile famiglia portoghese discendente dal crociato Goffredo di Buglione.
A quindici anni è novizio nel monastero di San Vincenzo a Lisbona, poi si trasferisce nel monastero di Santa Croce di Coimbra, il maggior centro culturale del Portogallo appartenente all'Ordine dei Canonici regolari di Sant'Agostino, dove studia scienze e teologia con ottimi maestri, preparandosi all'ordinazione sacerdotale che riceverà nel 1219, quando ha ventiquattro anni. Quando sembrava dover percorrere la carriera del teologo e del filosofo, decide di lasciare l'ordine dei Canonici Regolari di Sant'Agostino. Fernando, infatti, non sopporta i maneggi politici tra i canonici regolari agostiniani e re Alfonso II, in cuor suo anela ad una vita religiosamente più severa.Il suo desiderio si realizza allorché, nel 1220, giungono a Coimbra i corpi di cinque frati francescani decapitati in Marocco, dove si erano recati a predicare per ordine di Francesco d'Assisi.
Quando i frati del convento di monte Olivares arrivano per accogliere le spoglie dei martiri, Fernando confida loro la sua aspirazione di vivere nello spirito del Vangelo. Ottenuto il permesso dal provinciale francescano di Spagna e dal priore agostiniano, Fernando entra nel romitorio dei Minori e fa subito professione religiosa, mutando il nome in Antonio in onore dell'abate, eremita egiziano. Anelando al martirio, subito chiede ed ottiene di partire missionario in Marocco. È verso la fine del 1220 che s'imbarca su un veliero diretto in Africa, ma durante il viaggio è colpito da febbre malarica e costretto a letto. La malattia si protrae e in primavera i compagni lo convincono a rientrare in patria per curarsi.
Secondo altre versioni, Antonio non si fermò mai in Marocco: ammalatosi appena partito da Lisbona, la nave fu spinta da una tempesta direttamente a Messina, in Sicilia. Curato dai francescani della città, in due mesi guarisce. A Pentecoste è invitato al Capitolo generale di Assisi, arriva con altri francescani a Santa Maria degli Angeli dove ha modo di ascoltare Francesco, ma non di conoscerlo personalmente. Il ministro provinciale dell'ordine per l'Italia settentrionale gli propone di trasferirsi a Montepaolo, presso Forlì, dove serve un sacerdote che dica la messa per i sei frati residenti nell'eremo composto da una chiesolina, qualche cella e un orto. Per circa un anno e mezzo vive in contemplazione e penitenza, svolgendo per desiderio personale le mansioni più umili, finché deve scendere con i confratelli in città, per assistere nella chiesa di San Mercuriale all'ordinazione di nuovi sacerdoti dell'ordine e dove predica alla presenza di una vasta platea composta anche dai notabili. Ad Antonio è assegnato il ruolo di predicatore e insegnante dallo stesso Francesco, che gli scrive una lettera raccomandandogli, però, di non perdere lo spirito della santa orazione e della devozione. Comincia a predicare nella Romagna, prosegue nell'Italia settentrionale, usa la sua parola per combattere l'eresia (è chiamato anche il martello degli eretici), catara in Italia e albigese in Francia, dove arriverà nel 1225. Tra il 1223 e quest'ultima data pone le basi della scuola teologica francescana, insegnando nel convento bolognese di Santa Maria della Pugliola. Quando è in Francia, tra il 1225 e il 1227, assume un incarico di governo come custode di Limoges. Mentre si trova in visita ad Arles, si racconta gli sia apparso Francesco che aveva appena ricevuto le stigmate. Come custode partecipa nel 1227 al Capitolo generale di Assisi dove il nuovo ministro dell'Ordine, Francesco nel frattempo è morto, è Giovanni Parenti, quel provinciale di Spagna che lo accolse anni prima fra i Minori e che lo nomina provinciale dell'Italia settentrionale. Antonio apre nuove case, visita i conventi per conoscere personalmente tutti i frati, controlla le Clarisse e il Terz'ordine, va a Firenze, finché fissa la residenza a Padova e in due mesi scrive i Sermoni domenicali. A Padova ottiene la riforma del Codice statutario repubblicano grazie alla quale un debitore insolvente ma senza colpa, dopo aver ceduto tutti i beni non può essere anche incarcerato. Non solo, tiene testa ad Ezzelino da Romano, che era soprannominato il Feroce e che in un solo giorno fece massacrare undicimila padovani che gli erano ostili, perché liberi i capi guelfi incarcerati. Intanto scrive i Sermoni per le feste dei Santi, i suoi temi preferiti sono i precetti della fede, della morale e della virtù, l'amore di Dio e la pietà verso i poveri, la preghiera e l'umiltà, la mortificazione e si scaglia contro l'orgoglio e la lussuria, l'avarizia e l'usura di cui è acerrimo nemico.
E' mariologo, convinto assertore dell'assunzione della Vergine, su richiesta di papa Gregorio IX nel 1228 tiene le prediche della settimana di Quaresima e da questo papa è definito "arca del Testamento". Si racconta che le prediche furono tenute davanti ad una folla cosmopolita e che ognuno lo sentì parlare nella propria lingua. Per tre anni viaggia senza risparmio, è stanco, soffre d'asma ed è gonfio per l'idropisia, torna a Padova e memorabili sono le sue prediche per la quaresima del 1231. Per riposarsi si ritira a Camposampiero, vicino Padova, dove il conte Tiso, che aveva regalato un eremo ai frati, gli fa allestire una stanzetta tra i rami di un grande albero di noce. Da qui Antonio predica, ma scende anche a confessare e la sera torna alla sua cella arborea. Una notte che si era recato a controllare come stesse Antonio, il conte Tiso è attirato da una grande luce che esce dal suo rifugio e assiste alla visita che Gesù Bambino fa al Santo.
A mezzogiorno del 13 giugno, era un venerdì, Antonio si sente mancare e prega i confratelli di portarlo a Padova, dove vuole morire. Caricato su un carro trainato da buoi, alla periferia della città le sue condizioni si aggravano al punto che si decide di ricoverarlo nel vicino convento dell'Arcella dove muore in serata. Si racconta che mentre stava per spirare ebbe la visione del Signore e che al momento della sua morte, nella città di Padova frotte di bambini presero a correre e a gridare che il Santo era morto.
Nei giorni seguenti la sua morte, si scatenano "guerre intestine" tra il convento dove era morto che voleva conservarne le spoglie e quello di Santa Maria Mater Domini, il suo convento, dove avrebbe voluto morire. Durante la disputa si verificano persino disordini popolari, infine il padre provinciale decide che la salma sia portata a MaterDomini. Non appena il corpo giunge a destinazione iniziano i miracoli, alcuni documentati da testimoni. Anche in vita Antonio aveva operato miracoli quali esorcismi, profezie, guarigioni, compreso il riattaccare una gamba, o un piede, recisa, fece ritrovare il cuore di un avaro in uno scrigno, ad una donna riattaccò i capelli che il marito geloso le aveva strappato, rese innocui cibi avvelenati, predicò ai pesci, costrinse una mula ad inginocchiarsi davanti all'Ostia, fu visto in più luoghi contemporaneamente, da qualcuno anche con Gesù Bambino in braccio. Poiché un marito accusava la moglie di adulterio, fece parlare il neonato "frutto del peccato" secondo l'uomo per testimoniare l'innocenza della donna. I suoi miracoli in vita e dopo la morte hanno ispirato molti artisti fra cui Tiziano e Donatello.
Antonio fu canonizzato l'anno seguente la sua morte dal papa Gregorio IX.
La grande Basilica a lui dedicata sorge vicino al convento di Santa Maria Mater Domini.
Trentadue anni dopo la sua morte, durante la traslazione delle sue spoglie, San Bonaventura da Bagnoregio trovò la lingua di Antonio incorrotta, ed è conservata nella cappella del Tesoro presso la basilica della città patavina di cui è patrono.
Nel 1946 Pio XII lo ha proclamato Dottore della Chiesa.

Autore: Maurizio Valeriani
Irapuato
le 13 juin Saint Antoine de Padoue

Religieux de Saint-François
(1195-1231)
Saint Antoine était né à Lisbonne, en 1195, de la famille glorieuse de Godefroy de Bouillon premier roi de Jérusalem, dont une branche s'était implantée en Portugal.
A quinze ans, il entra dans l'Ordre des Chanoines réguliers de Saint-Augustin. Un jour qu'il était retenu à l'infirmerie du couvent par les devoirs de sa …More
le 13 juin Saint Antoine de Padoue

Religieux de Saint-François
(1195-1231)
Saint Antoine était né à Lisbonne, en 1195, de la famille glorieuse de Godefroy de Bouillon premier roi de Jérusalem, dont une branche s'était implantée en Portugal.
A quinze ans, il entra dans l'Ordre des Chanoines réguliers de Saint-Augustin. Un jour qu'il était retenu à l'infirmerie du couvent par les devoirs de sa charge, il eut, au moment de l'élévation de la Messe, un ardent désir de voir le Sauveur, et il se mit à genoux: ô merveille! Les murs de l'église s'entr'ouvrent et lui laissent voir l'autel, où il adore ravi, la sainte Victime.
Cependant Antoine était appelé de Dieu à devenir disciple de saint François; il sentit le premier appel à la vue de cinq religieux franciscains s'embarquant pour les missions d'Afrique; l'appel fut définitif, quand, quelques mois plus tard, les reliques de ces cinq religieux, devenus martyrs de la foi, furent apportées providentiellement au monastère où il vivait. Antoine se sentit dès lors irrésistiblement entraîné vers un Ordre où il pourrait donner son sang pour Jésus-Christ. Il arriva en Italie avant la mort de saint François.
Placé à la cuisine d'un couvent, il fut un jour appelé par son supérieur pour prêcher, sans préparation, à la communauté. Il commença simplement; mais bientôt il s'éleva à une telle hauteur de doctrine et d'éloquence, qu'il émerveilla toute l'assemblée. L'Esprit-Saint, qui transforma les Apôtres, avait rempli l'humble Antoine. Dès lors il occupe les grandes charges de l'Ordre, il évangélise les villes et les campagnes, enseigne dans les universités de Montpellier, de Toulouse, de Bologne et de Padoue. Par ses prédications accompagnées de prodiges, il mérite le surnom de Marteau des hérétiques. Parmi les innombrables miracles de ce grand Thaumaturge, remarquons ceux qui suivent.
Son père avait été injustement condamné à mort, à Lisbonne, pour un meurtre qu'il n'avait pas commis. L'esprit de Dieu transporta Antoine en son pays natal; il alla tirer le mort de sa tombe et lui fit proclamer l'innocence de l'accusé. A la même heure, Antoine, de retour à Padoue, se rendait à l'office où la cloche appelait les religieux.
Une autre fois, prêchant sur le bord de la mer, il vit venir une multitude de poissons pour l'entendre, et donner une leçon aux hérétiques qui se bouchaient les oreilles; ils ne partirent qu'après s'être inclinés sous sa bénédiction.
Saint Antoine est célèbre par l'apparition de l'Enfant Jésus, qui vint un jour Se mettre entre ses bras. On l'invoque avec succès pour retrouver les objets perdus.
Abbé L. Jaud, Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l'année, Tours, Mame, 1950
Irapuato
June 13 Saint Anthony Of Padua

Doctor of the Church and Miracle-Worker
(1195-1231)
Born in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1195, Fernando de Bouillon was of a noble family related to the famous Godefroy de Bouillon, founder and first sovereign of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, who at the close of the Crusade of 1099 had refused to wear a crown, there where Christ had worn one of thorns.
Favored by nature …More
June 13 Saint Anthony Of Padua

Doctor of the Church and Miracle-Worker
(1195-1231)
Born in Lisbon, Portugal, in 1195, Fernando de Bouillon was of a noble family related to the famous Godefroy de Bouillon, founder and first sovereign of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, who at the close of the Crusade of 1099 had refused to wear a crown, there where Christ had worn one of thorns.
Favored by nature and grace, Fernand resolved at the age of fifteen to leave the world and consecrate himself to God in the Order of Canons Regular of Saint Augustine. No flattery, threat or caress of his relatives could persuade him to leave that holy refuge. He asked to be transferred to another convent to avoid the family's solicitations, and was sent to Coimbra. Still young, his sanctity became evident through miracles; he cured a poor religious whom the devil was obsessing, by covering him with his cloak.
When this young monk decided, after witnessing the return of the martyred remains of five Franciscans who had gone to Africa, to join that Order so favored with the graces of martyrdom, the Augustinians were desolate but could not prevent his departure, for Saint Francis himself appeared to him in a vision in July 1220, and commanded him to leave. He was then sent by the Franciscans to Africa, but two years later was obliged to return to Italy because of sickness; thus he was deprived of the martyr's crown he would have been happy to receive.
In 1222 Anthony, as he was now called, went with other Brothers and some Dominican friars to be ordained at Forli. There Fra Antonio rose under obedience to preach for the first time to the religious, and took for his theme the text of Saint Paul: Christ chose for our sake to become obedient unto death. As the discourse proceeded, the Hammer of Heretics, the Ark of the Testament, the eldest son of Saint Francis, stood revealed in all his sanctity, learning, and eloquence before his rapt and astonished brethren. He had been serving in the humblest offices of his community; now he was summoned to emerge from this obscurity. And then for nine years France, Italy, and Sicily heard his voice and saw his miracles, whose numbers can scarcely be counted. A crowd to which he was preaching outdoors one day, when the church was too small to hold all who came to hear him, amidst thunder and lightning felt not one drop of water fall upon them, while all around them the rain poured down. And men's hearts turned to God.
We may wonder why we always see Saint Anthony with the Child Jesus in his arms. The account of this heavenly visitation was told only after his death, at the official process concerning his virtues and miracles. It was narrated by the man who witnessed the marvel in question; the Saint himself had never spoken of it. Saint Anthony was in the region of Limoges in France, and was offered hospitality, rest and silence by this businessman of the region, in his country manor. He was given a room apart, to permit him to pray in peace; but during the night his host looked toward his lighted window and saw in the brilliance a little Infant of marvelous beauty in the arms of the Saint, with His own around the Friar's neck. The witness trembled at the sight, and in the morning Saint Anthony, to whom it had been revealed that his host had seen the visitation, called him and enjoined him not to tell it as long as he was alive. The town near Limoges where this occurred remains unknown; the original account of the inquiry does not name it, but says that the man in question narrated it, with tears, after Saint Anthony's death.
After a number of years of teaching of theology, unceasing preaching and writing, Saint Anthony, whose health was never strong, was spending a short time of retreat in a hermitage near Padua. He was overcome one day with a sudden weakness, which prevented him from walking. It progressed so rapidly that it was evident his last days had arrived. He died at the age of thirty-six, after ten years with the Canons Regular and eleven with the Friars Minor, on June 13, 1231. The voices of children were heard crying in the streets of Padua, Our father, Saint Anthony, is dead. The following year, the church bells of Lisbon rang without ringers, while in Rome one of its sons was inscribed among the Saints of God.
Reflection. Let us love to pray and labor unseen, and cherish in the secret of our hearts the graces of God and the growth of our immortal souls. Like Saint Anthony, let us attend to this first of all and leave the rest to God.
Les Petits Bollandistes: Vies des Saints, by Msgr. Paul Guérin (Bloud et Barral: Paris, 1882), Vol. 6; Little Pictorial Lives of the Saints, a compilation based on Butler's Lives of the Saints, and other sources by John Gilmary Shea (Benziger Brothers: New York, 1894).
Irapuato
Prayers to St. Anthony

Brief - "Tredicina"

1. O glorious St. Anthony, you who have received from God the power to raise the dead, awaken my soul from its apathy and obtain for me a fervent and holy life. Glory be to the Father, etc.
2. O wise St. Anthony, you who were light for the Holy Church as well as for the entire world through your teaching, enlighten my soul and open it for divine truth. …More
Prayers to St. Anthony

Brief - "Tredicina"

1. O glorious St. Anthony, you who have received from God the power to raise the dead, awaken my soul from its apathy and obtain for me a fervent and holy life. Glory be to the Father, etc.
2. O wise St. Anthony, you who were light for the Holy Church as well as for the entire world through your teaching, enlighten my soul and open it for divine truth. Glory be to the Father, etc.
3. O pious Saint, always ready to help those devoted to you, help me and my family in our present needs. Glory be to the Father, etc.
4. O generous Saint, you who by accepting divine inspiration have consecrated your life to the service of God, grant that I may hear the voice of the Lord with submissiveness. Glory be to the Father, etc.
5. O St. Anthony, true lily of purity, do not permit that my soul be stained by sin but obtain for me purity of heart from our Lord. Glory be to the Father, etc.
6. O dear Saint, through whose intercession so many sick people have found health, help my soul to heal from sin and evil inclinations. Glory be to the Father, etc.
7. O St. Anthony, you who have given yourself to save your brothers, lead me through the sea of life and give me your help in order that I may reach the safe harbour of eternal salvation. Glory be to the Father, etc.
8. O compassionate St. Anthony, you who have freed so many condemned prisoners during your life, obtain for me the grace that I be freed from the bonds of sin and live in the grace of God for all eternity. Glory be to the Father, etc..
9. O holy Thaumaturge, you who have had the gift of reuniting to the body limbs that have been cut off, grant that I may never be separated from the love of God, and the unity of the Church. Glory be to the Father, etc.
10. O Saint Anthony, you who have always helped to find lost objects, grant that I may never lose God's friendship, but that I may conserve it faithfully throughout my life. Glory be to the Father, etc.
11. O patron of the poor, you who listen to those who turn to you, receive my prayer and present it to God that He might grant me His assistance. Glory be to the Father, etc.
12. O St. Anthony, you who were the untiring apostle of the word of God, grant that I may bear witness to my faith with words and deeds. Glory be to the Father, etc.
13. O most beloved St. Anthony, you who have your blessed tomb in Padua, look upon my needs, may your miraculous tongue speak to God for me, that my prayers may be heard. Glory be to the Father, etc.
Pray for us St. Anthony. Make us worthy of the promises of Christ.
Let us pray.

Almighty and Eternal God, you who in St. Anthony of Padua have given to Your people an illustrious preacher of the Gospel and a patron of the poor and the suffering, grant to us, through your intercession, to follow your teaching on Christian life and to experience, in trials, the help of your mercy. Through Christ our Lord. Amen.
If then you ask for miracles
(translation of the "Si quaeris")
If then you ask for miracles,
Death, error and all calamities,
Leprosy and demons fly,
And health succeeds infirmities.
The sea obeys and fetters break,
And lifeless limbs you do restore;
While treasures lost are found again,
When young and old your aid implore.
All dangers vanish at your prayer,
And direst need does quickly flee;
Let those who know your power proclaim,
Let Paduans say: these are of thee.
To Father, Son, may glory be
And Holy Spirit, eternally.
Pray for us St. Anthony.
Make us worthy of the promises of Christ.
Let us pray.
Lord God, may the commemoration of St. Anthony, Doctor of the Church, be a source of joy to your people, so that, strengthened by his spiritual assistance, they may become worthy of the eternal happiness of your kingdom. Through Christ our Lord, Amen.
O Blessed Tongue (by St. Bonaventure, 1263)
O blessed tongue, you who have always praised the Lord and made others praise Him, now it is clearly evident how much merit you have before the Lord!
Invocation
(by St. Bonaventure)
Remember, O dear St. Anthony, that you have always helped and consoled whoever had recourse in you in his necessities.

Encouraged by the great confidence and by the certainty of not praying in vain, I too turn to you, who are so rich in merits before the Lord. Do not refuse my prayer but grant that, through your intercession, it will reach the throne of God.

Come to my aid in my present distress and necessity, and obtain for me the grace that I ardently implore, if it is for the good of my soul. Bless my work and keep sicknesses and dangers of soul and body far from my family. Grant that in time of suffering and trial I may remain strong in faith and in the love of God. Amen.
Prayer for the family
Dear St. Anthony, we turn to you to ask your protection for our family. Called by God, you left your house to consecrate your life to good works for your neighbour, and have come to the aid of countless families, even with wondrous deeds, to bring peace and serenity everywhere.

Our dear patron, intervene in our favour: obtain for us health of body and spirit from God, grant that we may share in a true communion which will enable us to open ourselves to love for our neighbour; grant that our family be, like the Holy Family of Nazareth, a small house of God and that every family in the world may become a shrine to life and love. Amen.
Prayer for the Protection of Children
O Saint Anthony, we turn to you to place that which we hold most precious and dear under your protection: our children.
While you were immersed in prayer, the Baby Jesus appeared to you. While you were leaving this world you were comforted by the vision of our Lord, and little children spread the news of your blessed death: look upon these children who we place in your care; help them to grow, as Jesus grew, in age, knowledge and grace.
Help them to preserve their innocence and their simplicity of heart; grant that they may always have the attentive affection and wise guidance of their parents. Watch over them that as they grow in years they may reach full maturity and, as Christians, be examples of perfect faith.
O Saint Anthony, our patron, be close to all children and comfort us too with your continuous protection. Amen.
Pilgrim's prayer at the Tomb of St. Anthony
Dear St. Anthony, look kindly upon me as I stand at your blessed tomb.
In my many needs, I have come here to pray to you, confident that in your compassionate goodness you will answer me. Present my petition to God. Through your intercession, may He grant my particular request...

My faith is weak; yours was firm and constant. Through your preaching you brought to life the faith of others; strengthen my commitment to the Good News of our Lord Jesus Christ. Make me a faithful member of His people now so that I may praise the Father later in heaven.

Glorious St. Anthony, come to my aid; protect me from all spiritual and bodily harm, and encourage me in my moments of trial and suffering. Bless my family and work. Be generous and kind toward your petitioners at your tomb and to those scattered throughout the world. Amen.
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Christian prayers

Sign of the Cross
- In the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
Glory Be to the Father- Glory to the Father, and to the Son and to the Holy Spirit. As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen.
Our Father - Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed by thy name, thy kingdom come, thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil. Amen.
Hail Mary - Hail, Mary, full of grace the Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now and at the hour of our death. Amen.
Hail, Holy Queen - Mother of Mercy, Hail, our life, our sweetness, and our hope! To you do we cry, poor banished children of Eve; to you do we send up our sighs, mourning and weeping in this valley of tears. Turn, then, most gracious advocate, your eyes of mercy toward us; and after this our exile, show onto us the blessed fruit of your womb, Jesus. O clement, O loving, O sweet Virgin Mary!

Prayer to our Guardian Angel
Angel of God, my guardian dear,
To whom his love commits me here,
Ever this day (or night) be at my side,
To light and guard, to rule and guide.
Amen.
Eternal rest - Eternal rest grant unto them, O Lord, and let perpetual light shine upon them. Amen.
An act of Faith - O my God, I firmly believe that you are one God in three Divine Persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit; I believe that your Divine Son became man and died for our sins, and that He will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe these and all the truths which the Holy Catholic Church teaches, because you have revealed them, who can neither deceive nor be deceived. Amen.
Act of Hope - O my God, relying on your almighty power and infinite mercy and promises, I hope to obtain pardon of my sins, the help of your grace, and life everlasting, through the merits of Jesus Christ, my Lord and Redeemer. Amen.
Act of Love- O my God, I love you above all things, with my whole heart and soul, because you are all-good and worthy of all love. I love my neighbour as myself for the love of you. I forgive all who have injured me, and ask pardon of all whom I have injured. Amen.
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