Lisi Sterndorfer

On the first Sunday of Advent,

the Papal service is held in the Apostolic Palace, Mass being sung by a patriarch, or in the absence of one, by the most senior archbishop in Rome. The sermon is preached by the Procurator General of the Dominicans, followed by proclamation of indulgence of 10 years and as many quadragenes.

After the Mass, there follows exposition of the Blessed Sacrament in a gold monstrance set with precious stones. The Pope kneels on the highest step of the altar, and with his hands covered with a white veil, he receives the Sanctissimum from the celebrant. With his head uncovered, he carries it under an ombrellino to the grills, where eight Bishops Assistants await him with a white canopy. The cardinals and prelates precede him with candles in their hands, and the cantors sing Palestrina's "Pange lingua".

The Pope exposes the Sanctissimum on the altar in the Pauline chapel, prays there for a while, and then returns to his apartments with the usual retinue. The sacristan is in charge of the lighting during this exposition, the design for which was provided by Bernini himself. Throughout the day, the various prelates of the palace adore the Blessed Sacrament for hours, and the Pope himself does so in the evening.

On the second Sunday, Mass is celebrated in the Apostolic Palace by a Bishop Assistant to the Throne, the sermon being given in Latin by the Procurator General of the Franciscans.

While on the first, second, and fourth Sundays the hangings and vestments are purple, as in Lent, on the third the celebrant, a cardinal presbyter, is in a rose chasuble, and his assistants in rose dalmatic and tunicle. A Latin sermon is preached by the Procurator General of the Augustinians.

On the fourth Sunday the celebrant is a Bishop Assistant, and a Latin sermon is given by the Procurator General of the Carmelites (of the ancient observance).

Encyklopedja Kościelna podług teologicznej encyklopedji Wetzera i Weltego z licznemi jej uzupełnieniami (Eccielsiastical Encyclopedia according to the theological encyclopedia of Wetzer and Welte, with numerous additions to the same), vol. IX, Warsaw 1876, pp. 577 – 578.