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NVMMVS: CIVITAS SYI ♖ - ᛭ M ZAEHARIE (~1324-39 A.D.) NFT: opensea.io/…19145878113431027391457810365503705777632144523265 zazzle.com/ProVaticanus Chios, Martin Zaccaria (c.1324-39), Denier …More
NVMMVS: CIVITAS SYI ♖ - ᛭ M ZAEHARIE (~1324-39 A.D.) NFT: opensea.io/…19145878113431027391457810365503705777632144523265 zazzle.com/ProVaticanus Chios, Martin Zaccaria (c.1324-39), Denier Tornese, 0.68g, civitas syi, tower, rev. +m zaeharie., cross (Schl. XIII, 32, var.), fine, rare. The Lordship of Chios was founded in 1304, when Benedetto I Zaccaria conquered the Greek island of Chios and received it as a fief from the Eastern Roman - Byzantine Emperor Andronicus II Palaeologus. Chios remained well outside any practical Eastern Roman - Byzantine authority, however. Paleologo Zaccaria ( ? –1314) was the Lord of Chios and Phocaea, as well as other Aegean islands from 1307 until his death. Paleologo was the son of Benedetto I Zaccaria Lord of Chios and Pocaea; his mother was a Palaiologina, sister of the Emperor Michael VIII. His first name is unknown, as is the first name of his mother. On the death of his father, he succeeded him. The brothers Benedetto II Zaccaria and Martino Zaccaria were his sons (or his cousins, sons of Nicolino Zaccaria). In 1329, a rebellion of the locals overthrew the Italian Zaccaria family and the island became an Eastern Roman - Byzantine possession again. In 1345, it fell to the Giustiniani, who held it until 1566, when it finally capitulated to the Ottoman Empire. Martino Zaccaria was the Lord of Chios from 1314 to 1329, ruler of several other Aegean islands, and baron of Veligosti–Damala and Chalandritsa in the Principality of Achaea. He distinguished himself in the fight against Turkish corsairs in the Aegean Sea, and received the title of "King and Despot of Asia Minor" from the titular Latin Emperor, Philip II. He was deposed from his rule of Chios by a Byzantine expedition in 1329, and imprisoned in Constantinople until 1337. Martino then returned to Italy, where he was named the Genoese ambassador to the Holy See. In 1343 he was named commander of the Papal squadron in the Smyrniote crusade against Umur Bey, ruler of the Emirate of Aydin, and participated in the storming of Smyrna in October 1344. He was killed, along with several other of the crusade's leaders, in a Turkish attack on 17 January 1345. Ago tibi gratias Deo per instrumenta de Valeron pro bono rei publicae. #Chios #Zaccaria #RomanEmpire ProVaticanus is creating Promere Quod Video. | Patreon