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Pope St. Gregory VII Deposes Henry IV, Emperor of Germany

Harsh experience had taught [Pope St. Gregory VII] a lesson: it was not enough to inflict penalties, to excommunicate or suspend recalcitrant; since …
Novella Nurney likes this.
I sometimes clench my teeth in the above portrayed manner when I read the news as well...
Pope St. Gregory VII's secretary had breath-taking calligraphy. <3
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