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Hospices de Beaune (Beaune, France)
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✍️ Collage of our visit to Beaune, France: France 2009 Visit to St Joan of Arc... 👏
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The Hospices de Beaune or Hôtel-Dieu de Beaune is a former charitable almshouse in Beaune, France. It was founded in 1443 by Nicolas Rolin, chancellor of Burgundy, as a hospital for the poor and needy. The original hospital building, the Hôtel-Dieu, one of the finest examples of French fifteenth-century architecture, is now a museum. Services for patients are now provided in modern hospital …More
The Hospices de Beaune or Hôtel-Dieu de Beaune is a former charitable almshouse in Beaune, France. It was founded in 1443 by Nicolas Rolin, chancellor of Burgundy, as a hospital for the poor and needy. The original hospital building, the Hôtel-Dieu, one of the finest examples of French fifteenth-century architecture, is now a museum. Services for patients are now provided in modern hospital buildings.
An important charity wine auction is held in November each year (formerly in the great hall of the Hôtel-Dieu).
History
The Hôtel-Dieu was founded on 4 August 1443, when Burgundy was ruled by Duke Philip the Good. The Hundred Years War had recently been brought to a close by the signing of the Treaty of Arras in 1435. Massacres, however, continued with marauding bands ("écorcheurs") still roaming the countryside, pillaging and destroying, provoking misery and famine. The majority of the people of Beaune were declared destitute.

Polychrome roof of the Hospices de Beaune.
Nicolas Rolin, the Duke's Chancellor, and his wife Guigone de Salins, reacted by deciding to create a hospital and refuge for the poor.
The Hospices de Beaune received the first patient on 1 January 1452. Elderly, disabled and sick people, with orphans, women about to give birth and the destitute have all been uninterruptedly welcomed for treatment and refuge, from the Middle Ages until today.
Over the centuries, the hospital radiated outwards, grouping with similar establishments in the surrounding villages of Pommard, Nolay, Meursault. Many donations - farms, property, woods, works of art and of course vineyards - were made to it, by grateful families and generous benefactors. The institution is one of the best and oldest example of historical, philanthropic, and wine-producing heritage, and has become linked with the economic and cultural life of Burgundy.
Interior
The courtyard
With a rectangular format, it is the best location to admire the different buildings amongst which three are decorated with a glazed-tile roof. This technique has probably its origins in Central Europe (possibly from ceramics master Miklós Zsolnay of Pécs, Hungary) but became quickly a landmark of the architecture from Burgundy (other glazed-tiled roofs could be observed in Dijon for instance). These tiles have four colours (red, brown, yellow and green) with interlaced designs. The current tiles have been recreated between 1902 and 1907. The Northern, Eastearn and Western buildings include a two-level gallery with stone columns on the ground floor and wood beams on the first floor. Many dormer and attic windows can be observed with finely detailed wood and iron works. A well with gothic ironwork can also be seen in the centre of the courtyard.

Room of the Poors.
Room of the Poors
The Room of the Poors measures 50x14x16 meters. On the ceiling, the visible painted frame is in an upside down boat-skiff shape and in each beam are sculpted caricatures of some important Beaune inhabitants. On the floor tiling are written Nicolas Rolin's monogram and his motto "Seulle" referring to his wife, Guigone de Salins. The room is furnished with two rows of curtained beds. The central area was dedicated to benches and tables for the meals. The pieces of furniture have been brought together in 1875 by the son in law of the architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc. Each bed could welcome two patients.
The Chapel

The Polyptych of the Last Judgment, by Rogier van der Weyden.
Following the large ward is the Chapel. The place for the chapel was chosen to allow the bedridden to attend Mass from their beds. Originally this was in the chapel polyptych the Flemish painter Rogier van der Weyden. The mortal remains of the Guigone Salins are buried here. In November 2010 the very first Catholic wedding since the construction of the building in 1443 was performed here. The wedding was between Mr Alessandro Conti and Miss Natalie Kunert.
The hospice possesses many artistic treasures, among them the mural paintings of the 17th century in the Salle St Hugues and an altarpiece, the Last Judgment, painted by Rogier van der Weyden.
Wine auction
The charity auction been arranged annually since 1851, taking place on the third Sunday in November amid a three day festival devoted to the food and wines of Burgundy called Les Trois Glorieuses.[1] The charity is preceded by a black tie dinner at the Clos de Vougeot on day one and followed by the lunch La Paulée de Meursault on day three.[2] The Domaine des Hospices de Beaune is a non-profit organisation which owns around 61 hectares (150 acres) of donated vineyard land, much of this classified Grand and Premier cru.[3] With bidding by professional and private buyers, the barrels, from 31 cuvées of red wine and 13 of white wine, attain prices usually well in excess of the current commercial values, although the results give some indication of the trend in expected bulk wine prices for the vintage from the rest of the region.[1][3]
The auction has been organised by Christie's since 2005, setting a record total figure at the 149th auction in 2009 when 799 barrels were up for sale, and 40% bids by telephone, internet or fax connecting some 500 participants from around the world, the auction has in recent years evolved from a wholesale market to a retail market.[4][5]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hospices_de_Beaune
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La création des Hospices

Le 4 août 1443 naît l'Hôtel-Dieu. La guerre de cent ans n'est pas encore terminée, Beaune souffre de misère et de famine, les "écorcheurs" pillent et ruinent les campagnes. Les Beaunois sont dans leur grande majorité déclarés indigents.
Nicolas Rolin, chancelier du Duc de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon, et son épouse Guigone de Salins, décident alors de créer un hôpital pour …More
La création des Hospices

Le 4 août 1443 naît l'Hôtel-Dieu. La guerre de cent ans n'est pas encore terminée, Beaune souffre de misère et de famine, les "écorcheurs" pillent et ruinent les campagnes. Les Beaunois sont dans leur grande majorité déclarés indigents.
Nicolas Rolin, chancelier du Duc de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon, et son épouse Guigone de Salins, décident alors de créer un hôpital pour les pauvres.
Le 1er janvier 1452, l'hôpital accueille son premier patient. Vieillards, infirmes, orphelins, malades, parturientes, indigents, fréquentent l'institution du Moyen Âge au XXe siècle.
Les Sœurs Hospitalières prodiguent les soins sans relâche et demeurent l'essence même, pendant des siècles, de l'Hôtel-Dieu.
De tout temps, il n'a jamais cessé de rayonner et a fédéré d'autres établissements : à Pommard, Nolay, Meursault et Beaune, pour constituer une communauté que l'usage a dès lors baptisée : Hospices de Beaune.

L'Hôtel-Dieu, monument historique

L'Hôtel-Dieu couvre aujourd’hui une aire importante de la ville de Beaune avec son musée, ses trois cours, ses dépendances, son Bastion du XVème siècle et ses centaines de mètres de caves conservant, notamment, la réserve particulière de vin des Hospices. Les quatre bâtiments ouverts au public, cernant la Cour d'Honneur, représentent la configuration de l'Hôtel-Dieu d'antan.
Mais qui soupçonnerait que cet écrin d'architecture renferme une collection de quelques 5 000 objets, dont le plus célèbre est le polyptyque du Jugement Dernier de Rogier van der Weyden ?
Dès la fondation, Nicolas Rolin avait prévu la dotation de l'établissement en meubles, tapisseries et autres objets, dont on peut se faire une idée précise grâce à un inventaire détaillé de 1501.
Ces objets ont trois origines distinctes : la fondation elle-même, les nécessités du fonctionnement d'un hôpital et les dons et legs de bienfaiteurs ou de malades y ayant séjourné.
L'Inventaire général de Bourgogne a mené depuis 1988 une étude exhaustive et a mis en lumière quelques 2 500 meubles (lits, coffres...) et 2 500 objets (tapisseries, tableaux, sculptures, pots à pharmacie...).
Meubles, tableaux, et tapisseries font régulièrement l'objet d'un programme de restauration.
www.hospices-de-beaune.com/…/Le-Musee