1st, the common good presupposes respect for the individual.
In the name of the common good, public authorities are bound to respect the fundamental and inalienable rights of the individual.
2nd, the common good requires the social well-being of the group which is made up of individuals.
The common good is founded on truth, built up in justice, and animated by love.
The common good consists of three essential elements: respect for and promotion of the fundamental rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and of its members.
Public authority must be exercised within the limits of the moral order and must guarantee the conditions for the exercise of freedom. It is the role of the state to defend and promote the common good.
- Quotes edited from the CCC #1897-1927
Black's Law Dictionary definition of the common good:
"The good of the whole company IS ONLY AS GOOD AS it is for the individual." [emphasis added]
- Online Legal Dictionary 2nd Ed.